VITERBO, town in central Italy. Documents show Jews living in the town in 1272; in 1294 the loan-banker Elia resided there, and a few years later the number of Jews had increased to such an extent that in 1313 a Christian proposed setting up an institution that would collect all the Jews together to convert them. In the 14th century some of the moneylenders left Viterbo to found the settlement at Urbino and others moved to Orvieto. In 1427 the Franciscan friar bernardino da siena delivered inflammatory sermons in Viterbo. The town came under the rule of the Church in 1435 and 15 years later the Jews were compelled to wear the badge . In 1538 the banking permits were withdrawn. At that time, the Jews owned two synagogues and a medicinal spring called the "bath of the Jews." As in the other Church possessions, a ghetto was established in Viterbo in 1555, and the community leaders were thrown into prison. After Pius V was elected to the papacy, the Jews were expelled from all the minor cities of the papal states (1569). Ten families were readmitted to Viterbo in 1586, but in 1593 they were definitely banished. Later, Jewish merchants were allowed to visit the town only during the fair; at one of these, in 1705, a group of Jews were accused of a blood libel but they were acquitted the following year. A number of notable copyists and physicians came from Viterbo, including the talmudist Theodorus de Sacerdotibus (Eliezer ha-Cohen), physician to Pope Julius III. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Milano, Italia, index; Roth, Italy, index: Milano, in: Scritti… Guido Bedarida (1966), 137–49; Roth, in: RMI, 20 (1954), 367–71. (Attilio Milano)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Viterbo — Viterbo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Viterbo — Viterbo, 1) Delegation des Kirchenstaates, zwischen der Comarca di Roma, der Delegation Civita vecchia u. den italienischen Provinzen Grosseto, Siena u. Perugia, 54,51 QM., mit 128,300 Ew.; ist von vulkanischen Gebirgsgruppen erfüllt, von dem See …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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  • Viterbo — Infobox CityIT img coa = Viterbo Stemma.png official name = Comune di Viterbo name = Viterbo region = Lazio province = Viterbo (VT) elevation m = 326 area total km2 = 406.28 population as of = population total = 60537 population density km2 = 148 …   Wikipedia

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  • Viterbo — Viterbe (Italie) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Viterbe. Viterbe Le Palais des papes et le campanile du Dôme Saint Laurent …   Wikipédia en Français

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